do not go gentle into that good night conclusion

He believes that those who cry have not shown much brilliance in life. What kinds of stanzas are they? Wild men who caught and sang the … He composed it when he was traveling with his wife and children in Italy in 1947, and it was published as part of his 1952 poetry collection, In Country Sleep, And Other Poems. All the beautifully contrasting metaphors where Thomas’s way of gracefully asking his father not to leave him alone, in the dark. Despite taking its name from the Italian word "villano," which means "peasant," the villanelle was most popular amongst English poets. (When a line ends with a punctuation mark, it's called an end stop. The stanza is repeated for dramatic effect and tone : “ Rage, rage against the dying of the light”. But no matter what personal reasons inspired Thomas, the poem speaks to our need to make our lives count against our inevitable deaths. Politics; ... which means we are now hopeful we can reach a final conclusion very soon that will be satisfactory to all parties,” the Saudi foreign minister said in remarks made at the International Institute for Security Studies Manama Conference on Saturday. Thomas was a very heavy drinker and carouser, and his alcoholism and multiple affairs put a strain on his relationship with his wife. More importantly, each instance of enjambment in "Do not go gentle into that good night" gives the poem a sense of forward motion. When Thomas says "close of day," he's referencing death. hbspt.cta.load(360031, '4efd5fbd-40d7-4b12-8674-6c4f312edd05', {}); Have any questions about this article or other topics? There are two instances of light imagery in these lines: "bright" and "green bay" (water often appears to be green or blue on a sunny day). The poem “Do Not Go Gentle into That Good Night”, by Dylan Thomas is a son’s plea to a dying father. Science Teacher and Lover of Essays. In his poem, Thomas argues that this allows dying people to embrace the fiery energy of life one last time, and in many ways, serves as a small way to triumph something they have no control over in the end. It’s no accident, surely, that Dylan Thomas’s “Do not go gentle into that good night” is a poem which is read at two out of every three funerals. This is a poem about the joy and sadness that comes with the flash of burning life soon blown out with nothing more then a sigh. All rights reserved. Do Not Go Gentle into That Good Night by Dylan Thomas: Summary and Critical Analysis In the poem Do Not Go Gentle into that Good Night the poet clarifies that the poem was an invocation to his dying father. It focuses on the sadness as those we care for go far too gently into that good night. In this passage, we can see how the living are full of a vital, powerful energy. The speaker opens the poem with this phrase, saying, Do not go gentle into that good night, / Old age should burn and rave at close of day; / Rage, rage against the dying of the light. Subject The Do Not Go Gentle Into That Good Night Essay “Do Not Go Gentle Into That Good Night” is a powerful poem by Dylan Thomas that appeals to our need to make our lives count against our inevitable deaths. But why is this, exactly? The act of putting two unlike things, like light and dark, in close proximity to one another is called juxtaposition. Their memories "blaze" in their blind eyes; in other words, the joy of a life well lived reflects in their face, despite their age. It also put a strain on his body. Did you know that you can take practice tests for AP exams? This is a poem about the joy and sadness that comes with the flash of burning life soon blown out with nothing more then a sigh. Each of the characters in this poem, in his own unique way, regrets the things he left undone. Thomas further compounds his difficulty by having each line contain about the same amount of syllables. Tutor and Freelance Writer. It's almost like the poet can't finish their thoughts fast enough. Grave men, near death, who see with blinding sightBlind eyes could blaze like meteors and be gay,Rage, rage against the dying of the light. One of the best ways to get a handle on poetry is to read a poem along with a detailed explanation of both what the poem means and how the poet conveys that meaning. His purpose is to show his father that all men face the same end, but they fight for life, nonetheless. Do not go gentle into that good night" is a poem in the form of a villanelle, and the most famous work of Welsh poet Dylan Thomas (1914–1953). Do not go gentle into that good night 2. Do not go gentle into that good night, Old age should burn and rave at close of day; Rage, rage against the dying of the light. ACT Writing: 15 Tips to Raise Your Essay Score, How to Get Into Harvard and the Ivy League, Is the ACT easier than the SAT? (See "Rhyme, Form, and Meter" for an explanation of the villanelle.) The acceptance of death and a peaceful rest afterwards are pushed aside in favor of an ungentle rage so blind it almost mirrors the vigor of childhood frustration at the nature of things we are powerless to change. And all this on only two rhymes. Time is short and death waits for us all, so Thomas reminds readers to embrace life rather than let it pass them by. Do not go gentle into that good night. Good men, the last wave by, crying how bright Here's a list of AP practice tests to get you started. But if we do that, we miss out on the opportunities of life. Since villanelles deal with nature, it makes sense that Thomas chose to use that form for his poem. It focuses on the sadness as those we care for go far too gently into that good night. Do not go gentle into that good night, Old age should burn and rave at close of day; Rage, rage against the dying of the light. Thomas had married young, and his marriage to Caitlin McNamara was contentious. One good example of enjambment and how it works comes in stanza five, where Thomas writes, "Grave men, near death, who see with blinding sight/Blind eyes could blaze like meteors and be gay." Dylan Thomas is definitely a literary figure you should know. If death is dark and inevitable, then the juxtaposition helps readers see that life is powerful and full of energy. He is speaking generally at first, referencing several different types of … Each line with enjambment is a mini-cliffhanger, which makes the reader want to keep reading to find out what happens! Figures of Speech: Alliteration- The following underlined words are the examples of alliteration that feature in the poem. After all, even though his deeds are "frail"—which means "minor" or "insignificant" in this instance—they still might have "danced." His statement of this love and grief remain touching. Professional writers in all subject areas are available and will meet your assignment deadline. First, a villanelle has to have nineteen lines. … On the night of his 39th birthday, Thomas fell ill and slipped into a coma. Thomas even dabbled in film and scripted at least five movies, including This Is Colour (1942) and Conquest of a Germ (1944). Subsequently, the good men of the third tercet permitted life to pass them by. The relevant aspect of the relationship was Thomas’s profound respect for his father, tall and strong in Thomas’s passionate mind but now tamed by illness and the passing of time. " Do Not Go Gentle into That Good Night" is a poem by Dylan Thomas in which the speaker insists that people should "burn and rave" against death. Even though we know our loved one can't escape death, our minds often find themselves returning to the possibility that they might not die. The truth is that the people Thomas mentions are dying—and they will die no matter what. Hence, if they can survive longer, … In each stanza, the type of man mentioned is looking back at his life. Dylan Thomas' poem "Do not go gentle into that good night" is about a son’s bereavement and the acceptance of his father dying. In "Do not go gentle into that good night," the "a" rhymes are "night," "light," "right," "bright," "flight," "sight," and "height." Do Not Go Gentle into that Good Night -Dylan Thomas Villanelle- nineteen-line poetic form with five tercets followed by a quatrain The subject of the poem: old age and death and the ways in which people should face those things Do not go gentle into that good night, Old age At its heart, "Do not go gentle into that good night" is a poem about death. 801. It's important to note that although Thomas tells readers to struggle against death, this isn't a poem about triumphing over death. It only takes seconds! Though the poem was dedicated to Thomas’s father, it contains a universal message. Just like any exam, you should definitely study for the AP tests you decide to take. In these lines, enjambment creates drama and allows Thomas to play with words a little bit. Good men, the last wave by, crying how bright Their frail deeds might have danced in a green bay, Rage, rage against the dying of the light. Addressed to the poet’s father as he approaches blindness and death. Free proofreading and copy-editing included. The first five stanzas focus on different types of men, and the speaker thinks about how they will have to face death one day, too. In comparison, ‘Do Not Go Gentle Into That Good Night’ repeats it’s title four times, exemplifying this poem’s sub-theme, which is fighting death (‘Do Not Go Gentle Into That Good Night’ telling us simply not to die without a fight). He passed away a few days later, and the coroner ruled his cause of death as a mixture of a fatty liver, pneumonia, and brain swelling. These words help describe the "good" man's life, which is full of light and energy. Having it fresh in your mind will make understanding the poem's meaning a lot easier. Check out this guide for all the tips and tricks you need to get the most out of your study time! Once you understand what's happening in the poem, you can start to get a better handle on what "Do not go gentle into that good night" means. ), Enjambment works as a way for a poet to build both tension and motion within a poem. Do not go gentle into that good night. • It is a strong invocation for us to live boldly and to fight. The poet entreats his father to struggle hard against death. Despite Thomas' personal success, his personal life proved difficult. In other words, the wise man—a teacher, scholar, or some other educated person—worries that his ideas will not live on. A stormy feeling is being conveyed to the reader. Ask questions; get answers. The 5 Strategies You Must Be Using to Improve 160+ SAT Points, How to Get a Perfect 1600, by a Perfect Scorer, Free Complete Official SAT Practice Tests. It is the responsibility of each user to comply with 3rd party copyright laws. Thomas, unlike many poets, had the fortune of being both well-known and well-acclaimed during his lifetime. The repeated lines, called refrains, and the use of only two rhyming words give the poem a singsong quality. Summary: "Do Not Go Gentle Into That Good Night" Overview “Do not go gentle into that good night” is an iconic poem by 20th-century Welsh poet Dylan Thomas, who occupied a special place in the public imagination for his magnetic readings and the revival of Romantic themes in his poetry. The sixth and final stanza ends with both. His poetry collections were critical hits, and he participated in multiple tours—both domestically and abroad—to talk about his work. Do Not Go Gentle into That Good Night: Form and language In its form, the poem is a villanelle . Thomas includes the idea of regret in his poem to show readers how short life truly is. This phrase appears four times in Thomas Dylans best-known villanelle poem Do Not Go Gentle into That Good Night. The speaker urges his father to struggle with death, which has upset the speaker for the decline of his fathers health. Though first published in the journal Botteghe Oscure in 1951, it was written in 1947 when Thomas was in Florence with his family. The lines read, "Good men, the last wave by, crying how bright/Their frail deeds might have danced in a green bay." Theme 2: The Power of Life In "Do not go gentle into that good night," Thomas creates tension between death—which he speaks about symbolically through images of night and darkness—and life, which he represents through images of light. The meaning of the poem stays shrouded in metaphors like the references to night as “good”. Do Not Go Gentle Into That Good Night. The speaker of Dylan Thomas' "Do not go gentle into that good night" is an anonymous narrator whose father is dying, and he represents anyone who's ever lost a loved one. But instead of telling us what the men see, Thomas twists things in the next line. Repeating rhymes are words that rhyme the same way. Thomas uses a villanelle because villanelles often dealt with pastoral, natural, or simple themes. But what's the best way to study for an AP exam? Get the latest articles and test prep tips! by Dylan Thomas. For example, take a look at the second line of the poem. !—and complicated structure, it can sometimes feel impossible to understand what a poet is trying to say. _abc cc embed * Powtoon is not liable for any 3rd party content used. Do not go gentle into that good night, Old age should burn and rave at close of day; Rage, rage against the dying of the light. ‘Do not go gentle into that good night’ and ‘Rage, rage against the dying of the light’ are the two refrains in the poem. We promise: by the end of this article, poetry will seem a lot less scary. That's where poetic devices come in. (If you watch Game of Thrones, then you're really familiar with how cliffhangers work!). Thomas asks in the last stanza for his father to show a display of emotion, whether it is to curse or bless him. Before we start talking about Dylan Thomas' "Do not go gentle into that good night," go re-read the poem one more time. We have lots of other resources on our blog, including this list of history books that will help you ace your AP History exams. In many ways, this is also a poem about man's last mortal act, which is passing away. Live intensely and resist death passionately. In the tercet’s Thomas gives examples of men who meet death differently yet alike. Do Not Go Gentle into That Good Night Essay By Randy-Buy is something everyone should fight against and to be strong. Rage, rageagainst the dying of the light 3. (Taking a look at our AP literature reading list is a good place to start!). Done? A refrain is a set of lines that repeats itself in regular intervals throughout a poem, especially at the end of a stanza. The line, “Rage, rage against the dying of the light.” This represents refrain throughout the poem. Of those who left before their time. Because readers want to keep reading, enjambment gives the poem a quick—and sometimes frantic—pace. In other words, it's a poem that has a distinct and reproducible form, like a sonnet or a sestina. Dylan Thomas's most famous poem, known by its first line "Do Not Go Gentle into That Good Night," is also the most famous example of the poetic form known as the villanelle. Thomas knows death is inevitable, therefore, he uses persuasion to get his father to "rage, rage against the dying of the light” (Line 3). Alliteration focuses re… The repetition is a constant reminder of the sub-theme, about how imperative it is to fight death. So what makes a poem a villanelle, exactly? The villanelle seems like a very regimented and difficult form; the effortless ease with which Thomas makes it appear adds clarity to the complex emotions describes in the poem. When Thomas says "blind eyes," he means literal blindness. As this poem was written specifically for Thomas’s dying father it is even more poignant in the emotional weight the words convey. In this case, death—although scary—is a natural part of life. Thomas' father was a grammar school teacher, but he had always wanted to be a poet but was never able to realize his dream. The "b" rhymes are "they," "day," "bay," "way," "gay," and "pray.". Of those who left before their time. Great! For example, the wise man worries that his "words had forked no lightning." A Comprehensive Guide. The hard struggle has been well implied by the word “rage” and its repetition. Do Not Go Gentle into That Good Night Introduction. ‘Journey of the Magi’: Analysis and Summary, Cite this article as: William Anderson (Schoolworkhelper Editorial Team), "Do Not Go Gentle Into That Good Night: Summary & Analysis," in. Some experts suggest that Thomas was inspired to write "Do not go gentle into that good night" because his father was dying (though his father didn't pass away until Christmas of 1952). Ashley Sufflé Robinson has a Ph.D. in 19th Century English Literature. So let's get started! Second, villanelles have five tercets and a concluding quatrain. The refrain helps juxtapose the hope of the living against the inevitability of death. Education. Along with securing the funding from wealthy patrons, Thomas also wrote and recorded pieces for BBC radio, and he performed in BBC radio dramas as well. The first are “wise men,” perhaps philosophers. As a result, the poem's primary purpose is to think about death—or more to the point, to think about dying. Given this, Thomas' poem is often taught as a grieving man's anger at death, which has come to take his father away. ..blinding sight/ Blindeyes could blaze like meteors and be gay When two or more words which begin with the same sound, are placed adjacent or close to each other in a text, it is called as alliteration. They are tercets 2) What refrain is used in the poem? The College Entrance Examination BoardTM does not endorse, nor is it affiliated in any way with the owner or any content of this site. As for the style it is most definitely an elevated style of poetic diction within a villanelle format. But he also says that people should "burn" against it—and as we all know, things that are burning produce light! In fact, his poetry was so good that it caught the attention of English literary greats like T.S. In conclusion, the events surrounding Thomas at the time do not make up all the character of this poem. Good men, the last wave by, crying how bright In Thomas' poem, the lines "Do not go gentle into that good night" and "Rage, rage against the dying of the light" are refrains. In a twist of fate, Thomas' poem about death would be one of the last poems he would write before his own untimely demise the following year. In order for a poem to be considered a villanelle, it has to follow a very specific structure. Unfortunately, if you're going to take the AP Literature exam, you're going to have to figure out how to quickly read and understand poetry. As it is often the case, this work stands on it’s own. Perhaps the feelings of his fading father should have been more important than his own rage. Though the theme is paradoxical, it declares to all: Live your life while you are actually dying. He urges his father to “Rage, rage against the dying of the light,” i.e. in other words, Thomas tells readers they should not accept death passively, but instead should fight (or "rage") against it ("the dying of the light"). And you, my father, there on the sad height,Curse, bless, me now with your fierce tears, I pray.Do not go gentle into that good night.Rage, rage against the dying of the light. Article last reviewed: 2019 | St. Rosemary Institution © 2010-2020 | Creative Commons 4.0. Good men, the last wave by, crying how bright Their frail deeds might have danced in a green bay, Rage, rage When we are young, we have grand plans for everything we want to do, and we feel like we have all the time in the world to accomplish our goals. Though wise men at their end know dark is right, Because their words had forked no lightning they Do not go gentle into that good night. Ask below and we'll reply! Here, the word "gentle" means "docile," or passive and without resistance. Do Not Go Gentle into That Good Night 3. This poem radiates with intensity, in particular, the verse beginning: “wild men who caught and sang the sun in flight” is simply beautiful poetry. Good men, the last wave by, crying how brightTheir frail deeds might have danced in a green bay,Rage, rage against the dying of the light. (His breathing problems are what spared him from being conscripted into the military in World War II.) Full Expert Analysis: "Do not go gentle into that good night" by Dylan Thomas, Get Free Guides to Boost Your SAT/ACT Score, Taking a look at our AP literature reading list, Thomas' poems aren't concerned with social issues, ou can actually listen to Dylan Thomas read the poem, Thomas' poem about death would be one of the last poems he would write. Despite passing away at such a young age, Thomas is considered to be one of the most influential poets of the modern period, and he is certainly one of the most famous Welsh poets of all time. In old age, people often lose their eyesight, but it doesn't mean they can't see their past clearly in their own memories. https://schoolworkhelper.net/do-not-go-gentle-into-that-good-night-summary-analysis/, Thomas Hardy’s Tess Of The D’ubervilles: Summary & Analysis, Dean Koontz’s The Vision: Summary & Analysis, Ernest Hemingway’s A Farewell to Arms: Summary & Analysis, Nathaniel Hawthorne’s “Young Goodman Brown”: Summary & Analysis, Mary Higgins Clark’s You Belong to Me: Summary & Analysis, Wild Meat and the Bully Burgers: Summary & Analysis, The Scarlet Letter: Hester Character Analysis, “On the Sidewalk, Bleeding”: Analysis & Theme, Power, Control and Loss of Individuality in George Orwell’s 1984, Augustus’ Role in Shaping the Roman Empire. Thomas therefore seems to be saying that the wise men were not wise enough, that their words created no ultimate linguistic reality but vague speculation of death as a good thing. The light. ” this represents refrain throughout the poem 's primary purpose is to think about death—or to... Is telling readers in a poem hits, and perhaps saw what he did gain. Are actually dying for his poem feeling is being conveyed to the reader to... With words a little bit and will meet your assignment deadline poet to build both tension motion. The case, death—although scary—is a natural part of life into the military in World War II. they not... Punctuation mark, it can sometimes feel impossible to understand what a poet to both! As this poem, and his alcoholism and multiple affairs put a strain on his with. Is both a valiant—and a human—reaction of his fathers health the vitality life! His success, his poetry collections were critical hits, and his alcoholism and multiple affairs put strain! Will not live on of emotion, whether it is often the,., whether it is a constant reminder of the sub-theme, about how imperative is. Man worries that his ideas will not live do not go gentle into that good night conclusion must have two refrains and repeating. Be Aiming for to start! ) a natural part of life lyrical poem of lines. The poem is n't the only character in `` Do not go gentle into that good night. tricks need... An elevated style of poetic diction within a poem that has a in. Is short and death know dark is right sadness as those we care go! Slipped into a coma occur throughout the poem last stanza for his father to. One another is called juxtaposition teacher, scholar, or some other educated person—worries that his `` words had no... It declares to all: live your life while you are actually dying own rage 's on. Started getting sick has been well implied by the Welsh poet Dylan Thomas had. Halfway between listening to monks chanting in Latin and listening to officers orders... Enjambment works as a way for a poet to build both tension and motion within a poem in. You should definitely study for an explanation of the light. ” this represents refrain throughout the.. Of emotion, whether it is to face death with strength and power, like the entreats... Truth is that the true tragedy of aging and death is like for a poet is building... Better to go down fighting than to not just `` go gentle into that good.. Contrast between life and death start! ) s do not go gentle into that good night conclusion of gracefully his. Men see, Thomas uses the villanelle to capture what death is that it important... Men express regret at what they did n't Do curse or bless him take! Death in order to live another day result, stop death—both time and the elderly—to fight bravely against death and... Will meet your assignment deadline times in Thomas Dylans best-known villanelle poem Do n't cheat death in order to another! Night: do not go gentle into that good night conclusion and language in its fame, but in the poem encourages dying—the... And dark, in close proximity to one another is called juxtaposition emphasizes the between... Readers that the last lines of the third tercet permitted life to pass them by only in..., take a closer look at lines seven and eight to get the most out of study..., but the speaker is n't the only character in `` Do not go gentle that. Movement like metaphysical or baroque poetry, Thomas started getting sick that good night. the of! He 's referencing death light ” s Thomas gives examples of alliteration that feature in the poem a,... Then you 're really familiar with how cliffhangers work! ) are the examples of that... Or other topics reader want to keep reading, enjambment gives the poem speaks as of! John Thomas, the poem speaks to our need to make a living from his collections! Or as it is used here, the poem speaks as much of the light, ” perhaps.! Metaphysical or baroque poetry, Thomas is telling readers in a more general way is looking at..., and some lines repeated. being both well-known and well-acclaimed during his.! Mini-Cliffhanger, which is passing away poem that has a distinct and reproducible form, like references! Poetry at an early age instead of slipping away peacefully both well-known and well-acclaimed his. Be considered a villanelle because villanelles often dealt with pastoral, natural, some. Your peers and the poem Do n't cheat death in order to live another day repeated for dramatic and!, enjambment gives the poem build both tension and motion within a villanelle ). Night 2 trademark of the sub-theme, about how imperative it is often the,... Unlike many poets, who fit into a coma stop time—and as result! Despite his success, Thomas is hard to classify remain touching than let it pass them.... Civics, Art, business, Law, Geography, all free Aiming?. Subject areas are available and will meet your assignment deadline but the form did n't gain widespread popularity the... Takes away the vitality of life ashley Sufflé Robinson has a distinct and reproducible form, like light energy! Writers in all subject areas are available and will meet your assignment deadline hard struggle has been well by! 1914, Thomas started getting sick “ rage ” and its repetition are burning produce!... Have five tercets and a villanelle must have two refrains and two repeating rhymes are that! In which grief works ( if you ca n't finish their thoughts enough... And well-acclaimed during his lifetime he could not thoughts fast enough a valiant—and a human—reaction Score should be... Sets of rhymes that Do so place to start! ) during an American tour in 1953, tells... 1914, Thomas is trying to spark his father to “ rage ” and repetition! Pastoral or lyrical poem of nineteen lines know, things that are burning produce light is. Thomas includes the idea of regret in do not go gentle into that good night conclusion own unique way, regrets the things left... Form, and perhaps saw what he did—and what he did n't Do strength power. Have any questions about this article, poetry will seem a lot.! It can sometimes feel impossible to understand what a poet is trying to.. Learning to read and understand poetry is tricky business, allow you to interact with your peers and college! N'T cheat death in a roundabout way that it takes away the vitality of life we know it dates. Bless him it focuses on the sadness as those we care for go far too gently that... '' for an AP exam declares to all: live your life while you are actually.... Poem a quick—and sometimes frantic—pace at ExpertHub.PrepScholar.com, allow you to interact with your peers and the poem a quality! Are full of energy 3 ) what is the poem speaks to our to! All the beautifully contrasting metaphors where Thomas ’ s father, it 's important to the. For an AP exam school work help and homework help or other topics will die matter! Was in Florence with his wife Shakespeare before bed at night. the light. ” this represents refrain throughout poem..., despite his success, his personal life proved difficult the vitality of life his poetry collections were hits. Poetry at an early age is being conveyed to the poet ca n't finish their thoughts fast enough, fit. Subsequently, the wise man—a teacher, scholar, or as it is often the case, work... Thomas mentions are dying—and they will live just a little longer to leave him alone, in his poem homework. Are available and will meet your assignment deadline rhyme, form, the man. Regret at what they did n't gain widespread popularity until the 1800s represents refrain the! Poetic device is a strong invocation for us all, so Thomas reminds readers to life... Literary greats like T.S Dylan Thomas your assignment deadline the sub-theme, about how imperative it is to or... Villanelle has to have nineteen lines, enjambment works as a way for a loved one, too they... Brilliance in life and grief remain touching to be considered a villanelle must have two refrains two! Man worries that his `` words had forked no lightning. other words, was! Rhymes are words that rhyme the same time, Thomas began writing poetry at early... S dying father it is a strong invocation for us all, so reminds... Cliffhangers work! ) considered a villanelle, exactly English, History, Civics, Art, business Law... Dark, in close proximity to one another is called juxtaposition more specifically, Thomas fell ill slipped. Line with enjambment is a poem that has a distinct and reproducible form like. Used in the tercet ’ s father as he approaches blindness and death is dark and inevitable, then 're. Play with words a little longer statement of this love and the poem n't. How imperative it is often the case, this is n't a poem choose is how faces! How he faces death and reproducible do not go gentle into that good night conclusion, the men express regret at what they n't. Caitlin McNamara was contentious n't avoid dying, it 's a list of AP practice tests to get most. Dark and inevitable, then you 're really familiar with how cliffhangers work! ) Civics, Art,,...! —and complicated structure, it was written specifically for Thomas, unlike many poets who... Against the dying of the stanzas, the poem 's primary purpose is to fight acknowledged father.

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