By giving up attachment to the results of action, not being satisfied with the immediate, ephemeral fruits, but striving for the highest fruit; that is, Self-realization. Keeping oneself disentangled while working or dealing with people; that is, avoiding being caught in the intricate maze of activities and relationships. This is the wisdom to which we are initiated by the social atmosphere in which we are born, and the education that we receive in this world. Some aspect of it I touched upon yesterday, and the study we made already is the foundational character of spiritual discipline, in a sense. And this makes it the Treatise of Self- help for one and all, irrespective of his or her religious orientation and social background. (In Vedanta philosophy, the concept of mind is comprehensive having four divisions defined by function: weighing pros and cons, determination, the sense of ‘I-ness,’ and memory. The Bhagavad Gita is Krishna's counsel to Arjuna to fulfill his duty and achieve the Dharma. As threads are involved in a widespread fabric, our so-called individuality is involved in this network of creational process. The Bhagavad Gita — Introduction. Sometimes at a certain stage in our development, emphasis may be given to a particular practice or attitude because of individual need at the time. Environmental mastery indicates that an individual can readily adapt and adjust to circumstances appropriate to the need or occasion. Translated from the Sanskrit Text by Sir Edwin Arnold, M.A., K.C.I.E., C.S.I. Krishna answers that it is lust which induces one to sin. Now, I turn your attention to a definition of this Self, which is a crucial point in our study of the sixth chapter of the Bhagavadgita, which describes the art of meditation, the science of self-integration by means of an inward communion of the lower self with the higher Self – this was the subject of our study yesterday. The Gita views this issue of the eternal and the non-eternal from a variety of angles. A seeker of liberation must realize this difference between the ou… Our understanding and judgment are colored by the gunas which are characterized by certain qualities: Tamas is marked by darkness, laziness, dullness; rajas by attachment, pain, passion, restlessness; and sattva by clarity, luminosity, and healthy-mindedness, prakasakam anamayam. You have been introduced to the Universal nature of Self in the 7th chapter. Pariá¹Äma tÄpa saá¹skÄra (Y.S. ... nor shown much concern for his spiritual nature (Easkaswaran 147). This is a great solace which will be administered into us by the Bhagavadgita as we proceed further and further through the chapters, until we reach an apotheosis of this analysis and the truth is unveiled in a sort of apocalypse – the Vishvarupa to be described in the eleventh chapter. Thus the consequence of the fulfilment of a desire is an increased impetuosity of the desire, not the fulfilment. Self-acceptance: Self-acceptance is a realistic perception of oneself, including awareness of one’s pluses and minuses. The Gita concludes, as it were, with yet another salient practice for self-transformation: Offering all activities to the Supreme, which culminates in complete self-dedication, wherein we give ourselves to God. The first secret is about duty. This event has passed. Fourthly, there is a philosophical or a metaphysical reason behind the impossibility to come in contact with real happiness in this world, that is, the perpetual rotation of the very constituents of prakriti: sattva, rajas, and tamas. The Gita’s message for self-transformation is this integrated self-unfoldment. Just as worn-out … Bhagavad-Gita study guide contains literature essays, quiz questions, major themes, ... Krishna responds by saying he is the true Self of every being, as well as the most glorious of every sphere on Earth and in the Heavens. Spoken by Lord Krishna, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, to His intimate devotee Arjuna, the Gita’s seven hundred concise verses provide a definitive guide to the science of self-realization. What gets transformed is really the concept of ourselves; the apparently divided self becomes whole. . We have to befriend our mind; be a friend to ourselves, not be inimical to or fight with our self. The Essence of Bhagavad Gita. The objects are to be shut-out from their relationship with the senses: sparÅÄn ká¹tvÄ bahir bÄhyÄá¹. Since the soul is a part of God, it … They become our concern, they become even the objects of our awareness of their being there on account of the consciousness moving towards them and enveloping them, entering them, possessing them, and getting identified with them in some manner, which is the epistemological process in the perception of an object. [Gita 18:6] This attitude of non-attachment has to be applied not only to work, but while interacting with others as well. When there is a momentary cessation of rajasic activity – a flash of a second as it were, when we come in contact with an object – there is a preponderating feeling that the need for the movement of our mind towards the object ceases. The teaching of the Bhagavad Gita opens with the audacious statement that all these are illegitimate problems caused by ignorance about the real nature of the self. The Gita lucidly explains the nature of consciousness, the self, and the universe. We speak in this train, but this is a physical, social and psychical way of defining the self. Great scholars of the Bhagavad-Gita say that the scripture fundamentally deals with three primary teachings, which are called the three secrets. "The Self is the friend of the self": bandhur ātmaiva ripur ātmanaḥ. Knowledge of the immortal nature of the Self is revealed through discrimination between the real and the unreal. Bhagavad Gita also called the ‘holy song of the Lord’, is a gift given to the human society from Lord Sri Krishna to direct them towards seeking the higher goals of life. Vision of Bhagavad Gita: Verse-by-Verse (Essence of Advaita Vedanta) January 12 @ 6:30 pm - 8:00 pm | Recurring Event . “While bodies are subject to change and death, the eternal Self, reflected as man’s indwelling consciousness, is impervious to destruction. The Bhagavad Gita is the best known and most famous of Hindu texts,with a unique pan-Hindu influence. with his mind and intellect dedicated to Me. The Gita describes this process of self-purification or transformation in terms of different conditions of the mind: tamas, rajas, and sattva. Take refuge in the buddhi,’ buddhau saranamanviccha. The transitional character of the world, so much spoken of, is the outcome of a necessity felt in every corner of creation to effect moment-to-moment adjustments between subject and object, on account of it being impossible for any condition to be perpetually in that condition only. I try to continue the thread from where I left yesterday concerning the relationship between the lower self and the higher self, to which a reference will been made in the fifth and the sixth chapters particularly. [Gita 5:10] Giving up all duties, take refuge in Me alone. Thus, the reality of the world seems to be a process rather than being as such. Chārvāka vāda states that the body itself comprises the self, and consciousness is merely a product of the conglomeration of its constituents. If this unique facility among all creatures given to us is ignored, then we will be living in ignorance. In spite of its changing nature, however, it is through the self alone we perceive and experience ourselves and the world. When sattva becomes predominant, a person feels mentally expansive and psychologically healthy in spite of the ups and downs in life. • It will enhance your own learning of Bhagavad Gita. Like the movement of a wheel which is in motion, conditions of prakriti are perpetually moving for the fulfilment of their own purpose, which is not necessarily our individual purpose. [Gita 9:27] By worshiping Him through the performance of duty does a man attain perfection. ‘When the mind, well-controlled, rests in the Self alone, and free from craving for all enjoyments, then is one said to have attained yoga.’ [Gita 6:18] ‘Restraining all the senses, the self-controlled one should sit meditating on Me. Bhagavad-Gita (From the Mahabharata) Being a Discourse Between Arjuna, Prince of India, and the Supreme Being Under the Form of Krishna. To a tragic extent, most people are stranded along this path of development. The Bhagavad Gita is Krishna's counsel to Arjuna to fulfill his duty and achieve the Dharma. Thus, we are living in a world of 'Self', and not in a world of objects. This is in essence the teaching of the Gita. Of this there is no doubt. Ätmaiva hyÄtmano bandhur Ätmaiva ripur Ätmanaá¸¥: "You have no friends outside you, you have no enemies outside you – you are your friend, you are your enemy." This lust bewilders one and entangles one in the material world. It is not necessarily a step-by-step progression, but all our faculties work together in unison. Back to Bhagavad Gita Quotes. Introduction Chapter 1 Chapter 2 Chapter 3 Chapter 4 Chapter 5 Chapter 6 Chapter 7 Chapter 8 Chapter 9 Chapter 10 Chapter 11 Chapter 12 Chapter 13 Chapter 14 Chapter 15 Chapter 16 Chapter 17 Chapter 18. Hence something always remains as a residue unfulfilled, which rockets forth our subtle body to that particular condition in space-time, where these unfulfilled longings can materialise; this process is called rebirth. As the sattva quality increases within oneself, the mind by degrees becomes integrated and well-balanced. It is the essence of India's spiritual wisdom. The small self loses its smallness and the true Self emerges in all its glory. An average person’s identity or personality is an unstable, bewildering jumble of the external world, body, and mind. . Now, why do we call these objects as our self? But the clouds do not cover the sun, and they do not contaminate space, though it appears that they do this. I will liberate you from all sins, do not grieve. He speaks of “the continued existence of the jiva as an individual monad.” [p. 41; 1934 & 1978 Theosophical University Press eds.] This worldview sees the time period of embodied existence as spanning four ages, lasting billions of years. This is a philosophical background of the necessity for the practise of self-control and meditation. This is a gross mistake; there is no such thing taking place. The movement of prakriti, the rotation of the wheel of this natural process consisting of sattva, rajas, and tamas, never allows us to be in a permanent condition. Shrimad Bhagavad Gita in easy to understand English and Hindi ... whereas in Holy Bible in a chapter named ‘Genesis’ on Creation of Nature, it is written that God created man in His own image and after creating nature in six days, took rest on the seventh day. How to live vision of non-dual Awareness in the light of Upanishads & Bhagavad Gita. 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