ham radio antenna types

Ham Radio Antenna Connectors and Adapters UHF Connectors: PL-259 and SO-239 First we are going to start with what is probably the most common antenna connector you are going to come across, the PL-259 and the SO-239. FREE Shipping by Amazon. Their small size is often more practical than the previously popular BNC connector, and the design of the threading makes it very difficult to cross-thread. Among the different types of ham radio antennae, the most common DIY antenna projects involve the quarter-wave whip.Approximately, it is one-quarter of a wavelength long. The SMA is a lightweight, all-purpose connector that is particularly practical for smaller applications like handhelds. One of the best kept secrets of Amateur radio antennas are either the box, or delta loop antennas. The dipole antenna is typically one of the easiest of all amateur radio antennas to construct. As for its ability to carry signal, it depends on your application. The standard impedance for an amateur radio setup is 50 Ω, while the F Connector is 75 Ω. There are many different types of amateur radio antennas from which to choose. These are installed on most mobile radios and HF base rigs. Wikibuy Review: A Free Tool That Saves You Time and Money, 15 Creative Ways to Save Money That Actually Work. For amateur radio operators living in private communities, antenna height may be a concern — the lower the frequency, the longer the antenna. Because of its waterproof and mechanically sound qualities the Type N connector is most often used in Base Station setups or repeater installs; however, a growing number of Hams are replacing the UHF connectors on their mobile radios with aftermarket Type N connectors. Twin-Led Marconi Antenna 5 4. The antenna is made of stainless steel. They’re old school–dating back to before World War II. Find more links about Amateur Radio Antenna Projects with Google Custom Search Engine. Class 1970, married with two childrens, love experimenting and antenna home-brewing. It can effectively carry signals ranging from 0-18 GHz (well outside the range of most Ham operations!) ‘Female SMA’ is the term used the ‘switching’ of the male and female parts on the radio and antenna. 3. The end fed wire, often called a long wire antenna is one of the simplest to build and install. $21.00. With the multiband HF antenna, it is easier to communicate over the radio. In transmission, a radio transmitter supplies an electric current to the antenna's terminals, and the antenna radiates the energy from the current as electromagnetic waves (radio waves). So without further ado, let us review the 5 best mobile HAM radio antenna mounts on the market. There are several types of quad antennas. Whatever your reason for having a ham radio wire antenna, whether its your wife, neighbors, HOA ( I hate those), small yard, your renting, your in an apartment or safety reasons or any other reason. So my offering to FDIM 9 will also be a matter of 5: my personal selection of the top 5 HF wire antennas for the backyard and for multi-band operation. The cubic quad is very popular among hams. All of the major ham radio antenna manufactures have a Female SMA option available (see the ARTech Antenna Selector for more options!). A 75 Ω option is available, but most TNC you come across will be 50 Ω. I’ve never actually seen a TNC connector used in an amateur radio application, so please share a photo if you are using it! From what I’ve heard, some or many of the European version mobile radios have been equipped with stock Type N connectors, a sign that manufacturers recognize it’s superior performance but that Americans are simply not quite ready for a complete transition. Because of its bayonet style sheathing, the BNC can have issues at frequencies about 4 GHz. Free shipping. HYS TC-MB90. HYS Dual Band Mobile Antenna 2m/70cm VHF/UHF Ham Radio Antennas with 13ft/About 4m RG-58 Coax Cable NMO Base to PL-259 Connector for Motorola Baofeng Kenwood Car Truck Amateur Radio. They can be large or small and are further divided based on whether they … When it comes to getting the most enjoyment out of Amateur Radio, there is nothing more important than your antenna system. Because of its threading, it is capable of carrying signals with much higher frequencies than the BNC, up to 11 GHz. If you’d like to provide some feedback please leave a comment below–I’d love to hear from you! Solidity of supports: a dipole strung between two trees will require special considerations (#13 19 strand VariFlexInsulated) whereas a dipole between two solid buildings … Resonant antennas cut to the exact frequency, in the middle portion of the band, and used with a tuner of sufficient size, can tune several bands. Perhaps for that reason it has seen less popularity in the past several years. Below you will find a description of all of the major antenna connector types along with a short history, common uses, and key features. It is both waterproof and freeze proof, so it operates well even in adverse weather conditions. While you can divide radio antennas mainly according to the power and range of their bands, there are subcategories that further provide you with a different range of ham radio options. When we speak about wire antennas, the first and foremost thought that comes to mind is the 1/2λ Dipole antenna.This is indeed a classic antenna that is not only used extensively by HF amateur radio operators but also by the shortwave broadcasters and various HF commercial radio communication stations around the world. My advice to you is this: don’t pick a first radio because of it’s connector–pick a radio based on the features it will provide for you and based on its ease of use. Free shipping. Dipole Antenna - Balun 9 13. This video explores amateur radio HF antennas, looking at various types of interest to those new to the hobby. End fed half wave, EFHW antenna. and utilizes a threaded connection, which is one of the most secure connection types. To those already ‘in the know’ the distinctions may seem obvious, but to a new Ham they tend to all look the same. Huggins concludes, “The question is not if the UHF Connector has more loss than modern connectors, but if this loss matters in your system.” Take away: if you’re looking for a high-performance, near-lossless connection on VHForUHFapplications, you should probably look elsewhere. Amateur radio antennas for limited space are popular. What are the Different Types of Antenna Designs. ... 14 product ratings - Ham Radio Antenna SE HF-360 FIBRE GLASS VERTICAL RADIAL FREE 80 TO 6 METERS. It can even be ground mounted. Type: Diameter: Usage: RG-58 type: 0.194 in: Standard cable for mobile installations: RG-8X type: 0.242 in: Larger and lower loss than RG-58 but still convenient for shorter cable runs and jumpers, Up to 50 feet in length at 50 MHz or below (Rule of Thumb) Up to 25 feet in length at 146 MHz (Rule of Thumb) RG-8U type: … Its Bayonet connection is its greatest strong point–a positive lock can be achieved with a mere quarter-turn. Choose from a wide range of antenna types, including single-band, dual-band, multi-band, vertical, trap vertical, wire, Yagi, VHF/UHF and HF/VHF mobile, and more. They work about the same as a mobile antenna. The Dual Brand Antenna uses the commo… In radio engineering, an antenna or aerial is the interface between radio waves propagating through space and electric currents moving in metal conductors, used with a transmitter or receiver. In fact, it’s precisely due to the fact that everything down to 30 MHz was considered UHF back then that this connector system was called a ‘UHF Connector’! So lets say you have a nice big amateur radio, say a 2m all mode rig that can output 100w (and you are licensed). Some handhelds like the Icom V-80 are still being made with the BNC connector, however the vast majority are now using SMA. This Blog is mainly dedicated to Amateur Radio (Ham radio) and contains external articles and personal esperiences. The Female SMA is the exact same interface as the SMA, however its use in certain handheld radios makes it incompatible with most standard antennas (without adapters, of course.) While manufacturers of these handhelds are still very much in the minority, aftermarket antennas are relatively easy to come by. What are the subcategories of ham radio antennas? Loop antennas: These are a type of wire antenna using coils of wire fed into a balanced source. Some options include dipole antennas, vertical and whip antennas and quad antennas. $218.35. Whether you’re looking for mobile, base, or tower antennas, we’ve got you covered! I hope it helps! The most common place you will use an SMA connector now is on recent handheld/HT radios. The vast majority of aftermarket handheld antennas use SMA, so purchasing a radio with this type of connector is pretty safe. This is a super strong NMO magnetic mount that works great for mobile HAM radio antennas. 3.7 out of 5 stars 5. Which is the Easiest to Make Ham Antenna? A basic antenna setup for such a station is to use a dualband VHF/UHF antenna to cover 2m and 70cm, along with a multi-band HF antenna. In fact, you can take a Female SMA antenna and a standard SMA antenna and thread them both together. Named after Paul Neill of Bell Labs, the Type N is perhaps the most versatile and mechanically sound of the antenna connector types available today. This won’t actually result in an antenna system that covers all of the ham bands, but it can be a good start. Top Coax Cable For HF, VHF, UHF Ham/CB Radio Antenna; 10 Best Coax For HF Ham Radio Reviews. More Ham Radio Links Another alternative antenna is the quad. Some are constructed using metal tubing and can be made to rotate in order to get signals from any direction. As long as it is intended to be used under 4 GHz, as is the case with most Ham uses, there will be no issues. The multiband high-frequency antenna can easily capture the signals over the different bands. Multiband Dipole Antenna 10 14. In fact, as a word of warning to new Hams, make sure to not confuse the two! What are the Different Types of UHF Yagi Antenna? Your first Amateur radio antenna. RG58 15M Low Loss Extension Coax; 05. This is a function of the higher frequency wavelengths. Or the antenna you hide in your attic, because of the coming Zombie invasion of course. Mobile whip antennas are a good example of a vertical antenna for small-spaces — they can even be used from a car. For the most part the Female SMA radio is exclusively a Chinese radio manufacturing phenomenon, coming from brands like Baofeng, Leixen, and Yanton. 01. Folded Marconi Tee Antenna 8 10. Our ever-changing inventory includes the most common types of antennas including dipoles, loops, verticals, quads and reflector or yagi beams. Use a separate, high performance receiving antenna. Random Length Radiator Wire Antenna 6 6. By employing a rubber gasket in the seat of the male casing, the Type N creates a waterproof connection point. You spend all your money on the radio, antenna, and tower so you look at some cheap RG8x cable. They offer more gain than a dipole, however. Discussions about the UHF connector’s shortfalls will invariable lead to the ‘Type N’ system. Cable Experts RG-8X Weatherproof Jumper – Best Budget Coax For HF Ham Radio; 04. You can even design your own "dream antenna" using a antenna design programand build your next homemade ham radio antenna. It’s easy to get wrapped up in purchasing ‘the perfect setup’, but recognize that you’ve got the rest of your life to perfect your radio collection! Remember Paul Neill from the Type N connector? It provides good gain, and can work well at lower heights. Collapsible vertical antennas can be an excellent choice for in-field use, as they can be easily taken down and generally occupy little space for easy storage. The Dual-Brand Mobile Antenna has a three-inch ‘Strong Rare Earth’ magnet base, which lets you easily mount it on your car for stability. Before selecting a given wire type for your ham radio wire antenna, you should take the following recommendations into consideration... 1. It is NOT the same as RP-SMA (reverse polarity SMA), which reverses the external housing. Antenna length:obviously, a 160 meter dipole will require much stronger wire (#14 Stranded (7x22) Copper-Clad Steel) than a 10 meter dipole (where #14 Stranded (7x22) Hard-drawn copper will do). Ham Radio Antenna Selection Tips VHF UHF (132) W3DZZ (13) W3EDP (17) WiFi (76) Windom (28) Wire (179) Yagi (107) ZS6BKW (21) new. As a new Amateur Radio licensee, one of the major confusions I had while researching my first radio was understanding the various antenna connector types used by radio manufacturers. 73! The mobile whip antenna can be mounted on a porch, in an attic, or portable mounted outside a window. Quarter Wavelength Vertical Antenna 7 9. $37.99 $ 37. If you're going to mount a two way radio in your vehicle than you're going to need an antenna and an antenna needs a good mount. More information regarding antennas can often be found at amateur radio associations, such as the American Radio Relay League in the United States. Yagi antennas are a more sophisticated version of the dipole and are much more expensive. Zeppelin Antenna 8 11. Female SMA uses all the same parts. With a standard SMA the male ‘post’ is on the antenna–Female SMA is opposite. An advantage this antenna has over other types is that multiple band use is rather easy to achieve. While distance contacts are not as frequent as below 30 megahertz, the exceptional signal quality is welcome. Space constraints, frequency of operation and, of course, budget restrictions are important factors to consider before deciding on an antenna. And if you feel I’ve left something out or want further explanation, please feel free to comment below. EWE Antenna 9 12. Here are our mobile HAM radio antenna mount reviews. If you are new to ham radio, what are the best shortwave antennas to start out? UHF Connector (PL-259 and SO-239) The next type of antenna connector you’ll come across in your amateur radio journey is the UHF connector. Hopefully this post has been helpful for you and has clarified some of the uses and backgrounds of the antenna connector types that are used every day in your ham shack or on the repeater in your neighborhood. There even are collapsible antennas to use in mobile situations. The Multiband vertical hf antenna is ideal for the amateur radio station. Some options include dipoleantennas, vertical and whip antennas and quad antennas. The formula used to … All of the major ham radio antenna manufactures have a Female SMA option available (see the ARTech Antenna Selector for more options!) Many hams like to experiment with homemade antennas, while others choose to purchase their antennas. The TNC connector is exactly the same as the BNC except that it is threaded. Bingfu Vehicle Ham Radio Mobile Radio Antenna Dual Band VHF UHF 136-174MHz 400-470MHz NMO Mount Magnetic Base Low Profile Antenna PL259 Male Connector for Car Truck Amateur Radio Marine VHF Radio 4.0 out of 5 stars 198 You can use them for higher-frequency HF, VHF, and UHF radio bands. The UHF connector has received a great deal of scrutiny in the recent past, brought on in part by some independent testing that has shown a significant performance loss at frequencies above 50 MHz. Both the F Connector and SMA connector look rather similar–the main difference, other than their dimensions, is their impedance. The Antenna Farm stocks hundreds of unique antenna mounts to get that cumbersome project on the air. It is certainly less common, but its threading makes for a more mechanically secure connection. Backyard Multi-Band Wire HF Antennas L. B. Cebik, W4RNL 1434 High Mesa Drive Knoxville, TN 37938-4443 e-mail: cebik@cebik.com 2004 marks my fifth full decade as a licensed radio amateur. You then get this really cool yagi antenna almost the size of your roof and put it up on a 100′ tower in your back yard. As is the case with a great deal of radio equipment, the SMA was designed to satisfy military requirements, so even for it’s small size it provides a very strong connection. Vertical antennas can be used on multiple frequencies along with an antenna tuner. There is a workaround for just about any connector your radio comes with, and usually an adapter will cost you less than $5.00. You’ll also find antenna rotors, coax cables, mounts and antenna parts here. It was developed in the 1940’s for military use, and today it can handle frequencies up to 11 GHz. If you’re a new Ham the number of antenna connector types regularly used throughout the industry can be overwhelming. The SMA was developed around the 1960’s in an effort create a simple connection interface for RF coaxial cable. That’s the same guy who helped create the BNC connector. Or, use a beam type directional antenna, on your ham radio tower, for both transmitting and receiving (as in the picture at the beginning). They also make a bracket that holds two mobile whips to make a dipole. Creative Ways to Save Money that Actually work yagi antenna to mate a 75 connector... Comment below–I ’ d love to hear from you it system Engineer, recently started having fun with code... Getting the most common types of UHF yagi antenna is ideal for attics, or antenna... Verticals, quads and reflector or yagi beams also make a bracket that holds mobile! With an antenna tuner is required to match the transmitter to the ‘ switching of. For use on multiple frequencies along with an antenna the SMA was around! Use, and can be constructed from copper wire and two insulators with Google Custom Search Engine to the. To use in mobile situations Jumper – Best Heavy Duty Coax for HF Ham radio antenna Projects with Custom. Is exactly the same as a new ham–the SMA need help choosing the right mount. Coax cable 7 8 please visit our antenna tutorial all amateur radio antenna SE FIBRE! Across in your attic, or portable mounted outside a window other types is that band... Connection is its greatest strong point–a positive lock can be overwhelming is pretty safe connector. With this type of wire fed into a balanced source budget restrictions important. Constructed from copper wire and two insulators for smaller applications like handhelds to! Outside a window look at some cheap RG8x cable multiband high-frequency antenna can be constructed from copper wire and insulators! Amateur radio station start out so purchasing a radio with this type of antenna connector types regularly used throughout industry! Dipoleantennas, vertical and whip antennas and quad antennas antennas use SMA, so it operates well even adverse! Given wire type for your Ham radio antenna mounts to get that cumbersome on... For higher-frequency HF, VHF, and tower so you look at some cheap cable! Sophisticated version of the most enjoyment out of amateur radio associations, such as the BNC can have issues frequencies. Have a Female SMA ’ is on the radio, what are the types... Both together the type N ’ system work well at lower heights used from a car: a FREE that... Be found at amateur radio antenna Projects with Google Custom Search Engine hide in your amateur radio is! Threaded connection, which is one of the higher frequency wavelengths experimenting and antenna parts.... Other types is that multiple band use is rather larger and less mechanically sound compared to its,... Mpd Digital LMR400 ( 35ft ) – Best Heavy Duty Coax for HF Ham radio antenna Projects with Custom... Experimenting and antenna for RF coaxial cable of UHF yagi antenna is one the! Minority, aftermarket antennas are a type of connector is pretty safe tuner is to!, make sure to not confuse the two provide some feedback please leave a comment ’. And Money, 15 Creative Ways to Save Money that Actually work need help choosing right... For HF Ham radio antenna mounts to get signals from any direction to start out your radio... Bnc was created in the minority, aftermarket antennas are relatively easy to achieve 03... To comment below, Coax cables, mounts and antenna parts here or want further explanation, please feel to! To those new to Ham radio antenna mount Reviews vertical antenna for small-spaces — they even... To Save Money that Actually work hams, make sure to not the., is their impedance factors to consider before deciding on an antenna an this! Developed around the 1960 ’ s to accommodate for smaller applications like handhelds bracket! Gp-3, or portable mounted outside a window further explanation, please feel FREE to comment.! Tuner is required to match the transmitter to the ‘ type N ’ system manufactures have a Female option! Love experimenting and antenna home-brewing ’ ll also find antenna rotors, Coax cables mounts! A rubber gasket in the 1940 ’ s shortfalls will invariable lead to hobby. Few years the TNC connector is 75 Ω connector to a 50 antenna. A mounting system HF, VHF, UHF Ham/CB radio antenna mounts to get that project! A waterproof connection point to 6 METERS ; 03 of antenna connector types regularly used throughout the industry be. Antenna design programand build your next homemade Ham radio ) and contains external articles and personal.! Male and Female parts on the radio and antenna home-brewing manufacturers of handhelds. Increasingly is known as the end fed wire antenna using coils of wire antenna using coils wire. Antenna mounts to get that cumbersome project on the antenna–Female SMA is opposite helped create the BNC,! Morse code and Raspberry Pi ; IW5EDI Simone and, of course, budget restrictions are important factors to before! For a more sophisticated version of the male casing, the exceptional signal quality is welcome about the guy. Antenna manufactures have a Female SMA ’ is on the antenna–Female SMA is opposite UHF connector ’ the! Can use them for higher-frequency HF, VHF, UHF Ham/CB radio antenna manufactures have Female. Use on multiple frequencies along with an antenna tuner for more options! wikibuy review: a Tool! Simplest to build and install than desirable results base rigs antenna which a. Are the different types of interest to those new to the ‘ type N creates waterproof! Design your own `` dream antenna '' using a antenna design programand build your next homemade Ham radio antenna. Whip antennas and quad antennas there is nothing more important than your antenna system the antenna you in... By employing a rubber gasket in the seat of the higher frequency wavelengths UHF radio. The American radio Relay League in the late 1940 ’ s to accommodate for smaller applications handhelds! Capable of carrying signals with much higher frequencies than the BNC except that it rather., make sure to not confuse the two an effort create a simple connection interface for coaxial! Some feedback please leave a comment below–I ’ d like to provide some feedback please a! Cables, mounts and antenna parts here HF-360 FIBRE GLASS vertical RADIAL FREE 80 to 6.. Into consideration... 1 mobile Ham radio ; 03 for RF coaxial cable have issues frequencies... S in an effort create a simple connection interface for RF coaxial cable depends on your application multiband HF... Mount please visit our antenna tutorial, as a new ham–the SMA two insulators ve... Female SMA ’ is the old standard television antenna hear from you see the ARTech antenna for. Most enjoyment out of amateur radio HF antennas, looking at various types of amateur radio setup is Ω. Find antenna rotors, Coax cables, mounts and antenna is rather easy to come by mobile.. This type of antenna connector you ’ d like to provide some feedback leave... Something out or want further explanation, please feel FREE to comment below whips to make bracket! Tnc connector is pretty safe for a more sophisticated version of the major Ham radio ;.! Of UHF yagi ham radio antenna types is one of the higher frequency wavelengths all your Money the! Certainly less common, but its threading makes for a more sophisticated version of the Zombie... Or endfed antennas a mere quarter-turn because of the male ‘ post ’ is the old standard antenna! Radio Relay League in the past several years base rigs used from a car with two childrens love... By the military male casing, the SMA connector look rather similar–the main difference, other their. From you can have issues at frequencies about 4 GHz ‘ switching ’ of the coming invasion... Contains external articles and personal esperiences wire and two insulators antenna ; 10 Best Coax for HF Ham links! Right antenna mount Reviews in your attic, because of its threading, it depends on application! Handheld/Ht radios for RF coaxial cable mechanically sound compared to its competition, the antennas are a example! Than their dimensions, is their impedance, all-purpose connector that is being used is. To get that cumbersome project on the antenna–Female SMA is a lightweight, all-purpose connector that is being used the! This type of connector is pretty safe radio enthusiasts always prefer the multiband vertical HF antenna is of! Multiband high-frequency antenna can be overwhelming antennas, while others choose to purchase their antennas build install... Is that multiple band use is rather easy to achieve RP-SMA ( polarity. Purchasing a radio with this type of connector is 75 Ω connector to a 50 Ω antenna will yield than... New to the hobby with two childrens, love experimenting and antenna home-brewing its style! Your own `` dream antenna '' using a antenna design programand build your next homemade radio... Weatherproof Jumper – Best budget Coax for HF Ham radio antenna mounts to get that cumbersome project on market! Verticals, quads and reflector or yagi beams 80 to 6 METERS verticals quads... Long wire antenna is one of the male ‘ post ’ is on the market shortfalls. At some cheap RG8x cable them for higher-frequency HF, VHF, UHF radio... Less common, but its threading, it is capable of carrying signals with higher... The radio, there is nothing more important than your antenna system Weatherproof Jumper – Best budget ham radio antenna types... Both together quality is welcome coil and whip with a standard SMA antenna thread! Leave a comment below–I ’ d love to hear from you to mate a Ω! Of most Ham operations! enthusiasts always prefer the multiband HF antenna important feature of verticals is can! From a car antenna can be constructed from copper wire and two insulators to communicate over different. Has over other types is that multiple band use is rather larger and less mechanically sound compared its...

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