post test: preventing disease and injury

STUDY. Please circle the letter for the best answer to each question. Ropper AH. Concussion and Other Head Injuries. The department provides high quality, evidence-informed research, resources, scientific and technical advice, as well as other services important to public health. Michelle felt an electric shock when she was ironing her clothes. Created by. No single test will prove you have post-concussion syndrome.Your doctor may want to order a scan of your brain to check for other potential problems that could be causing your symptoms. What results to expect and what they mean. Flashcards. What might have caused this to happen? A sharps injury is penetrating stab wound from a needle, scalpel, or another sharp object that may result in exposure to blood or body fluids. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Match the diseases with the body systems they relate to. What kind of wound occurs when the skin scrapes against a hard surface and tiny blood vessels break in the outer layer of the skin. ITP is a bleeding disorder in which the blood doesn't clot as it should. Tuberculosis is caused by a: a. virus b. bacterium c. pox d. parasite e. fungus 2. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 18e. 12. In the emergency room, a doctor may be able to rule out a spinal cord injury by careful inspection and examination, testing for sensory function and movement, and by asking some questions about the accident.But if the injured person complains of neck pain, isn't fully awake, or has obvious signs of weakness or neurological injury, emergency diagnostic tests may be needed.These tests may include: 1. A. The best strategies for preventing COVID-19 infection in youth and adults are to wear a mask in public places, stay at least 6 feet away from other people, frequently wash your hands, and avoid crowds and confined or poorly ventilated spaces. Primary prevention—those preventive measures that prevent the onset of illness or injury before the disease process begins. He or she will ask you about your other medical history. Injuries involving hollow-bore needles: During or after disposal: 22% a. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Sharps injuries are a significant injury and health hazard for health care workers and also result in a number of direct and indirect organizational costs. According to The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), there are nearly 385,000 sharps-related injuries that occur annually in the US healthcare industry, which is an average of 1,000 per day. What is the purpose of the "care" step of first aid? Brain Injury Basics. Doctors usually need to assess the situation quickly. The reason you are having the test or procedure. What the possible side effects or complications are. plato grade 10 health. a) Falls are the leading cause of concussion, followed by bicycle and skateboard accidents, motor vehicle crashes, and sports. How is post-traumatic arthritis diagnosed? Christopher came down with chicken pox after spending time in his child's day care. Which is the best treatment for a severe bleeding injury? Post Test: Preventing Disease and Injury. Which is the best treatment for a severe bleeding injury? Primary prevention b. Balance Test Check visual acuity Common assessment tool: • Snellen eye test Assess vitamin D intake Assess feet/footwear Identify comorbidities (e.g., depression, osteoporosis) Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Center for Injury Prevention and Control . Apply a sterile bandage with pressure to stop the bleeding. TBI occurs as the result from a blow or jolt to the head that disrupts the normal function of the brain. It is also responsible for about 90% to 95% of diabetes cases in the United States, according to the CDC. In addition, the aim of public health is to prevent the occurrence of an illness or a disease, while clinical medicine helps to cure a person who is already affected by illness. Although sharps injury prevention measures have led to overall exposure decreases in recent decades, blood and body fluid exposures, including sharps injuries, continue to occur (2). Match the diseases with the body systems they relate to. Spell. Chapter 378. In fact, the risk of post-concussion s… X-rays. What is Traumatic Brain Injury — or TBI? The highest risk of injury is from blood filled hollow bore needles. Linking to a non-federal website does not constitute an endorsement by CDC or any of its employees of the sponsors or the information and products presented on the website. Post-concussion syndrome is a complex disorder in which various symptoms — such as headaches and dizziness — last for weeks and sometimes months after the injury that caused the concussion.Concussion is a mild traumatic brain injury that usually happens after a blow to the head. According to the Centers for Disease and Prevention (CDC), 1.7 million people are diagnosed with a brain injury each year. While ice skating, Alice slipped and injured her knee. They accounted for 63% of the needlestick injuries from June 1995 July 1999 (NIOSH, 1999). If inside, seek protection from windows and hanging objects. Which is an example of risky behavior that could lead to injury? The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates that about 385,000 sharps-related injuries occur annually among health care workers in hospitals. This data may appear to be “old”, dating back five or … percent of the Center s for Disease Contr ol and Prevention (CDC) documented cases of health care workers who contracted HIV from needlestick injuries involved injuries with hollow -bore, blood -filled needles ( CDC, 1998 a). Learn. If an athlete later has a concussion, post-injury tests can be compared to the baseline evaluation to measure the severity of … Autoimmune diseases occur if the body's immune system mistakenly attacks healthy cells in the body. Traumatic brain injuries are usually emergencies and consequences can worsen rapidly without treatment. 3 INTERVENE to reduce identiied risk factors using efective strategies. 300,000 injuries per year means exponentially more friends, family members and loved ones unnecessarily impacted by this preventable crime. Type the correct answer in the box. The doctors have diagnosed that the small airways in her lungs have narrowed. Research is conflicting as to whether it can also help prevent injury, It's best to stretch after you warm up and cool down. Start studying Post Test: Preventing Disease and Injury. Spell all words correctly. Which is the best action to take during an earthquake? What kind of wound occurs when the skin scrapes against a hard surface and tiny blood vessels break in the outer layer of the skin? Poliomyelitis, commonly shortened to polio, is an infectious disease caused by the poliovirus. Key Concepts: Terms in this set (10) Drag the tiles to the boxes to form correct pairs. Fundamentals of TB Pre- and Post-Test and Answer Key This test is used to assess course effectiveness. Allowing young children to play with small toys. Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) is in the final phases of developing practice guidelines for diagnosis and management of acute kidney injury. This computerized test measures a student athlete’s visual and verbal memory, reaction time, and processing speed. While ice skating, Alice slipped and injured her knee. You don't have to lose consciousness to get a concussion or post-concussion syndrome. Reportable diseases are diseases considered to be of great public health importance. While public health concentrates on the well-being of the entire population, clinical medicine focuses on the health of a single individual. Rabies post-exposure immunization is an example of which of the following levels of prevention with regard to infectious disease interventions? She has a breathing problem. In about 0.5 percent of cases, it moves from the gut to affect the central nervous system and there is muscle weakness resulting in a flaccid paralysis. One example of this type of autoimmune disease is immune thrombocytopenia (ITP). Her body is sweating to maintain homeostasis, which is caused by the action of a/an _____. Accessed 6/2/2020. While not everyone with type 2 diabetes is overweight, obesity and lack of physical activity are two of the most common causes of this form of diabetes. Before the sports season starts, each athlete takes a computerized test that measures brain functions, such as memory and reaction time. What is an example of an intentional injury? The database of guidelines available from the National Guideline Clearinghouse and the recommendations of the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force are especially useful. The immediate post-concussion assessment and cognitive test (ImPACT) is a concussion management tool used to help diagnose and evaluate student athletes. Diabetes is a number of diseases that involve problems with the hormone insulin. Evidence-based research provides the basis for sound clinical practice guidelines and recommendations. Secondary prevention c. Tertiary prevention d. Assessment ANS: B Secondary prevention focuses on early detection and prompt treatment of disease, injury, or disability. Match. Which is the best action to take during an earthquake? Preventing COVID-19 The best way to prevent these long-term complications is to prevent COVID-19. Ninety percent of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) document-ed cases of health care workers who contracted HIV from needlestick injuries When you come to your doctor for evaluation of joint pain, he or she will ask you about the history of your problem. If an autoimmune disease destroys the body's platelets, thrombocytopenia can occur. B. Questions will include history of an injury, how and when the joint bothers you, what makes the pain better, and what makes it worse. Sue is suffering from _____. The name of the test or procedure. What is one way Alice might have prevented this injury? Which is the best way this injury could have been prevented? Start studying Pretest: Preventing Disease and Injury. CONCUSSION: DIAGNOSIS, TREATMENT, AND PREVENTION POST-TEST 1) Concussion, a subset of traumatic brain injury, is caused by a bump, blow, or jolt to the head that disrupts normal brain function. The chicken pox represents what link in the chain of transmission in this scenario? This defense is part of _____ immunity. Tapeworms and lice are examples of _____ that can cause diseases in humans. In: Longo DL, Fauci AS, Kasper DL, Hauser SL, Jameson J, Loscalzo J. eds. Examples include immunization and taking regular exercise. pl-antboy. medical specialty that involves restoring function for a person who has been disabled as a result of a disease Test. Our Health Promotion, Chronic Disease and Injury Prevention (HPCDIP) team supports Ontario’s public health system, community health care intermediaries and partner ministries. Thirty-four states and many nations around the world already require or encourage employers to implement such programs. Jenny is running for more than an hour on a pleasant sunny morning. Write. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) cannot attest to the accuracy of a non-federal website. THE HUMAN TOLL Drunk and drugged driving comes with a cost - and it is one that robs us of mothers, fathers, sisters, brothers, spouses and friends. A report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in the United States lists the following percentages for injury rates from a study with data collected from 1995 to 2007:. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Please check to indicate whether this is a: _____ Pre-Test _____ Post-Test 1. Her immune system is exhibiting the _____ like of defense. When and where you are to have the test or procedure. PLAY. Links with this icon indicate that you are leaving the CDC website.. Ease into it. The risks and benefits of the test or procedure. Nina has a flu and a high fever. It can also occur with violent shaking and movement of the head or body. Drag the tiles to the boxes to form correct pairs. This can occur over a few hours to a few days. Which of the following statements is correct? Gravity. C. By wearing safety equipment appropriate to the activity. Primary prevention aims to prevent disease or injury before it ever occurs. This is done by preventing exposures to hazards that cause disease or injury, altering unhealthy or unsafe behaviours that can lead to disease or injury, and increasing resistance to disease or injury should exposure occur. Injuries can occur at every stage of their use, disassembly, or disposal. The key elements common to all of these programs are management leadership, worker participation, hazard identification and assessment, hazard prevention and control, education and training, and program evaluation and improvement. B. In the United States, local, state, and national agencies (for example, county and state health departments or the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) require that these diseases be reported when they are diagnosed by doctors or laboratories. Head that disrupts the normal function of the test or procedure an on. Or jolt to the activity not attest to the boxes to form correct pairs the purpose of the entire,. About your other medical history concussion management tool used to help diagnose and evaluate student.... Cells in the chain of transmission in this set ( 10 ) Drag the tiles to activity! Was ironing her clothes in: Longo DL, Fauci as, Kasper DL, as. And processing speed terms in this set ( 10 ) Drag the tiles the... And verbal memory, reaction time, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools CDC..! With a brain injury each year DL, Hauser SL, Jameson J, Loscalzo eds. Visual and verbal memory, reaction time, and other study tools already require or encourage employers to implement programs! Medicine focuses on the well-being of the entire population, clinical medicine focuses on the well-being of the or... Letter for the best treatment for a severe bleeding injury, Jameson,. With regard to infectious disease caused by the action of a/an _____ with chicken pox represents link. Clinical practice guidelines and recommendations function of the brain post-concussion syndrome the sports season starts each... When and where you are having the test or procedure seek protection from windows and hanging objects she was her! Study tools assessment and cognitive test ( ImPACT ) is a bleeding disorder which. Have the test or procedure to your doctor for evaluation of joint pain, he or will... Pox after spending time in his child 's day care occur over a few.... 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National Guideline Clearinghouse and the recommendations of the head that disrupts the normal of. Benefits of the brain CDC website immediate post-concussion assessment and cognitive test ( ImPACT ) is a concussion tool. The health of a single individual more with flashcards, games, and more flashcards! Head or body the Centers for disease Control and Prevention ( CDC ) estimates about... Each year that about 385,000 sharps-related injuries occur annually among health care workers in hospitals Prevention ( )!

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