post test: preventing disease and injury

Flashcards. They accounted for 63% of the needlestick injuries from June 1995 July 1999 (NIOSH, 1999). Post-concussion syndrome is a complex disorder in which various symptoms — such as headaches and dizziness — last for weeks and sometimes months after the injury that caused the concussion.Concussion is a mild traumatic brain injury that usually happens after a blow to the head. Primary prevention b. It is also responsible for about 90% to 95% of diabetes cases in the United States, according to the CDC. Sue is suffering from _____. Links with this icon indicate that you are leaving the CDC website.. What the possible side effects or complications are. a) Falls are the leading cause of concussion, followed by bicycle and skateboard accidents, motor vehicle crashes, and sports. Apply a sterile bandage with pressure to stop the bleeding. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 18e. The immediate post-concussion assessment and cognitive test (ImPACT) is a concussion management tool used to help diagnose and evaluate student athletes. If an autoimmune disease destroys the body's platelets, thrombocytopenia can occur. The database of guidelines available from the National Guideline Clearinghouse and the recommendations of the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force are especially useful. Which is the best action to take during an earthquake? She has a breathing problem. Nina has a flu and a high fever. Start studying Pretest: Preventing Disease and Injury. What is one way Alice might have prevented this injury? Primary prevention aims to prevent disease or injury before it ever occurs. What is Traumatic Brain Injury — or TBI? Match the diseases with the body systems they relate to. B. This data may appear to be “old”, dating back five or … Christopher came down with chicken pox after spending time in his child's day care. Sharps injuries are a significant injury and health hazard for health care workers and also result in a number of direct and indirect organizational costs. The department provides high quality, evidence-informed research, resources, scientific and technical advice, as well as other services important to public health. pl-antboy. Brain Injury Basics. Tapeworms and lice are examples of _____ that can cause diseases in humans. According to the Centers for Disease and Prevention (CDC), 1.7 million people are diagnosed with a brain injury each year. Secondary prevention c. Tertiary prevention d. Assessment ANS: B Secondary prevention focuses on early detection and prompt treatment of disease, injury, or disability. Our Health Promotion, Chronic Disease and Injury Prevention (HPCDIP) team supports Ontario’s public health system, community health care intermediaries and partner ministries. TBI occurs as the result from a blow or jolt to the head that disrupts the normal function of the brain. When you come to your doctor for evaluation of joint pain, he or she will ask you about the history of your problem. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Gravity. Doctors usually need to assess the situation quickly. In fact, the risk of post-concussion s… Which is the best treatment for a severe bleeding injury? Before the sports season starts, each athlete takes a computerized test that measures brain functions, such as memory and reaction time. STUDY. Tuberculosis is caused by a: a. virus b. bacterium c. pox d. parasite e. fungus 2. Learn. In the United States, local, state, and national agencies (for example, county and state health departments or the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) require that these diseases be reported when they are diagnosed by doctors or laboratories. What kind of wound occurs when the skin scrapes against a hard surface and tiny blood vessels break in the outer layer of the skin? 12. Type the correct answer in the box. 3 INTERVENE to reduce identiied risk factors using efective strategies. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Spell. plato grade 10 health. It can also occur with violent shaking and movement of the head or body. Start studying Post Test: Preventing Disease and Injury. PLAY. Jenny is running for more than an hour on a pleasant sunny morning. Post Test: Preventing Disease and Injury. Linking to a non-federal website does not constitute an endorsement by CDC or any of its employees of the sponsors or the information and products presented on the website. Drag the tiles to the boxes to form correct pairs. A. Please circle the letter for the best answer to each question. C. By wearing safety equipment appropriate to the activity. Diabetes is a number of diseases that involve problems with the hormone insulin. Key Concepts: Terms in this set (10) Drag the tiles to the boxes to form correct pairs. Chapter 378. THE HUMAN TOLL Drunk and drugged driving comes with a cost - and it is one that robs us of mothers, fathers, sisters, brothers, spouses and friends. Created by. Preventing COVID-19 The best way to prevent these long-term complications is to prevent COVID-19. In: Longo DL, Fauci AS, Kasper DL, Hauser SL, Jameson J, Loscalzo J. eds. How is post-traumatic arthritis diagnosed? According to The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), there are nearly 385,000 sharps-related injuries that occur annually in the US healthcare industry, which is an average of 1,000 per day. Accessed 6/2/2020. Primary prevention—those preventive measures that prevent the onset of illness or injury before the disease process begins. While ice skating, Alice slipped and injured her knee. Injuries can occur at every stage of their use, disassembly, or disposal. He or she will ask you about your other medical history. Ease into it. Which is the best treatment for a severe bleeding injury? A sharps injury is penetrating stab wound from a needle, scalpel, or another sharp object that may result in exposure to blood or body fluids. Balance Test Check visual acuity Common assessment tool: • Snellen eye test Assess vitamin D intake Assess feet/footwear Identify comorbidities (e.g., depression, osteoporosis) Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Center for Injury Prevention and Control . Her body is sweating to maintain homeostasis, which is caused by the action of a/an _____. This is done by preventing exposures to hazards that cause disease or injury, altering unhealthy or unsafe behaviours that can lead to disease or injury, and increasing resistance to disease or injury should exposure occur. Ropper AH. Which of the following statements is correct? CONCUSSION: DIAGNOSIS, TREATMENT, AND PREVENTION POST-TEST 1) Concussion, a subset of traumatic brain injury, is caused by a bump, blow, or jolt to the head that disrupts normal brain function. In about 0.5 percent of cases, it moves from the gut to affect the central nervous system and there is muscle weakness resulting in a flaccid paralysis. Spell all words correctly. Traumatic brain injuries are usually emergencies and consequences can worsen rapidly without treatment. This can occur over a few hours to a few days. What is an example of an intentional injury? The key elements common to all of these programs are management leadership, worker participation, hazard identification and assessment, hazard prevention and control, education and training, and program evaluation and improvement. Please check to indicate whether this is a: _____ Pre-Test _____ Post-Test 1. In the emergency room, a doctor may be able to rule out a spinal cord injury by careful inspection and examination, testing for sensory function and movement, and by asking some questions about the accident.But if the injured person complains of neck pain, isn't fully awake, or has obvious signs of weakness or neurological injury, emergency diagnostic tests may be needed.These tests may include: 1. What is the purpose of the "care" step of first aid? The reason you are having the test or procedure. While not everyone with type 2 diabetes is overweight, obesity and lack of physical activity are two of the most common causes of this form of diabetes. percent of the Center s for Disease Contr ol and Prevention (CDC) documented cases of health care workers who contracted HIV from needlestick injuries involved injuries with hollow -bore, blood -filled needles ( CDC, 1998 a). Which is the best action to take during an earthquake? The name of the test or procedure. While public health concentrates on the well-being of the entire population, clinical medicine focuses on the health of a single individual. While ice skating, Alice slipped and injured her knee. Research is conflicting as to whether it can also help prevent injury, It's best to stretch after you warm up and cool down. The doctors have diagnosed that the small airways in her lungs have narrowed. If an athlete later has a concussion, post-injury tests can be compared to the baseline evaluation to measure the severity of … What results to expect and what they mean. No single test will prove you have post-concussion syndrome.Your doctor may want to order a scan of your brain to check for other potential problems that could be causing your symptoms. Examples include immunization and taking regular exercise. X-rays. Fundamentals of TB Pre- and Post-Test and Answer Key This test is used to assess course effectiveness. Reportable diseases are diseases considered to be of great public health importance. Test. This computerized test measures a student athlete’s visual and verbal memory, reaction time, and processing speed. a. Thirty-four states and many nations around the world already require or encourage employers to implement such programs. Match the diseases with the body systems they relate to. Michelle felt an electric shock when she was ironing her clothes. When and where you are to have the test or procedure. Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) is in the final phases of developing practice guidelines for diagnosis and management of acute kidney injury. Write. Allowing young children to play with small toys. Ninety percent of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) document-ed cases of health care workers who contracted HIV from needlestick injuries Which is an example of risky behavior that could lead to injury? Questions will include history of an injury, how and when the joint bothers you, what makes the pain better, and what makes it worse. The highest risk of injury is from blood filled hollow bore needles. This defense is part of _____ immunity. Autoimmune diseases occur if the body's immune system mistakenly attacks healthy cells in the body. What kind of wound occurs when the skin scrapes against a hard surface and tiny blood vessels break in the outer layer of the skin. A report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in the United States lists the following percentages for injury rates from a study with data collected from 1995 to 2007:. What might have caused this to happen? medical specialty that involves restoring function for a person who has been disabled as a result of a disease Although sharps injury prevention measures have led to overall exposure decreases in recent decades, blood and body fluid exposures, including sharps injuries, continue to occur (2). The best strategies for preventing COVID-19 infection in youth and adults are to wear a mask in public places, stay at least 6 feet away from other people, frequently wash your hands, and avoid crowds and confined or poorly ventilated spaces. Evidence-based research provides the basis for sound clinical practice guidelines and recommendations. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Her immune system is exhibiting the _____ like of defense. Injuries involving hollow-bore needles: During or after disposal: 22% Rabies post-exposure immunization is an example of which of the following levels of prevention with regard to infectious disease interventions? B. The risks and benefits of the test or procedure. ITP is a bleeding disorder in which the blood doesn't clot as it should. You don't have to lose consciousness to get a concussion or post-concussion syndrome. Concussion and Other Head Injuries. If inside, seek protection from windows and hanging objects. One example of this type of autoimmune disease is immune thrombocytopenia (ITP). 300,000 injuries per year means exponentially more friends, family members and loved ones unnecessarily impacted by this preventable crime. Match. Which is the best way this injury could have been prevented? The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) cannot attest to the accuracy of a non-federal website. In addition, the aim of public health is to prevent the occurrence of an illness or a disease, while clinical medicine helps to cure a person who is already affected by illness. The chicken pox represents what link in the chain of transmission in this scenario? Poliomyelitis, commonly shortened to polio, is an infectious disease caused by the poliovirus. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates that about 385,000 sharps-related injuries occur annually among health care workers in hospitals. 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It ever occurs the chain of transmission in this scenario responsible for about %... As, Kasper DL, Hauser SL, Jameson J, Loscalzo J. eds homeostasis, which an! Terms, and other study tools `` care '' step of first aid, seek from. Start studying Post test: Preventing disease and Prevention ( CDC ) not. The brain to polio, is an example of risky behavior that could lead to injury TB Pre- and and. In which the blood does n't clot as it should in the body 's platelets, thrombocytopenia can occur this. Lungs have narrowed pressure to stop the bleeding the disease process begins step of aid... The normal function of the brain brain functions, such as memory and reaction time, processing. With flashcards, games, and sports disease or injury before the sports season starts each! Or body caused by a: _____ Pre-Test _____ Post-Test 1 filled hollow bore needles where you are having test... Is one way Alice might have prevented this injury healthy cells in body. 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