what is film theory

Mast, Gerald; and Marshall Cohen, editors. His ideas have been influential with the Cinéma Vérité movement. You can find film theorists among the ranks of filmmakers, critics and philosophers. Videomaker is always looking for talented, qualified writers. Inspired designs on t-shirts, posters, stickers, home decor, and more by independent artists and designers from around the world. This is a small selection of notable theorists and is by no means comprehensive. A step-by-step approach to these issues guides the reader through the central topics of film theory. Key characteristics of formalism is the theoretical and critical emphasis on form. More specifically, considering that films direct our attention to important narrative information. Partner with us to reach an enthusiastic audience of students, enthusiasts and professional videographers and filmmakers. 5 Famous directors and what we can learn from them, Why Kathryn Bigelow is a trailblazing director, The ins and outs of being a video producer, How to create funny videos to make your audience laugh, Here’s why Quentin Tarantino is the filmmaker’s filmmaker, What’s Your Story: Developing the Story in Documentary. He uses the derogatory term "SLAB theory" to refer to film studies based on the ideas of Ferdinand de Saussure, Jacques Lacan, Louis Althusser, and Roland Barthes. (See, for example, Chatman (1990)and Smith (1995).) Bergson commented on the need for new ways of thinking about movement, and coined the terms "the movement-image" and "the time-image". He was a proponent of documentary and Italian Neo-realism and was a founder and long-time editor of Cahiers Du Cinéma. All in all, Feminist Film Theory, Queer Theory, and many other branches of film theory were solidified during this era. She began making films in the 1910s with an interest in differentiating film as a distinct art, separate from painting or literature. The 1990s brought the digital revolution. Her work focuses on the intersection of film theory, psychoanalysis and feminism. Film theory, theory developed to explain the nature of motion pictures and how they produce emotional and mental effects on the audience. These theories are like lenses through which you can view film. Auteur Theory promotes the idea that the director ultimately is the author (auteur) of a film. "What is Film Theory?" Thus, filmmakers wanted to understand what was different about movies. There are two features of the philosophy of film that need to bediscussed before delving into more specific issues. [12][13] Her concept The Matrixial Gaze,[14] that has established a feminine gaze and has articulated its differences from the phallic gaze and its relation to feminine as well as maternal specificities and potentialities of "coemergence", offering a critique of Sigmund Freud's and Jacques Lacan's psychoanalysis, is extensively used in analysis of films[15][16] by female authors, like Chantal Akerman,[17] as well as by male authors, like Pedro Almodovar. A step-by-step approach to these issues guides the reader through the central topics of film theory. Film theory is a scholarly pursuit, which attempts to explain the essence of what film is. High quality Film Theory gifts and merchandise. If you have a great idea you’d like to share with our readers, send it to editor@videomaker.com. Bazin argued that what made cinema its own art form was its ability to capture reality. This holds that creating a film is inherently a political act — either reinforcing or subverting the dominant cultural paradigm. Thus, formalists are concerned about how these elements work (or do not work) to create impact on the viewer. [7] However, not until the late 1980s or early 1990s did film theory per se achieve much prominence in American universities by displacing the prevailing humanistic, auteur theory that had dominated cinema studies and which had been focused on the practical elements of film writing, production, editing and criticism.[8]. New theories explore spectatorship and the collective experience of cinema. Germaine Dulac was an early French filmmaker and film theorist. Its dominant approach, exemplifed by such journals as Screen and Camera Obscura, involves a theoretical combination of semiotics, Althusserian Marxism, and Lacanian psychoanalysis. In the years after World War II, the French film critic and theorist André Bazin reacted against this approach to the cinema, arguing that film's essence lay in its ability to mechanically reproduce reality, not in its difference from reality. The first, beginning in the late 1960s and early 1970s, focused on a formal critique of cinema’s dissemination of ideology, and especially on the role of the cinematic apparatus in this process. Auteur Theory is a way of looking at films that state that the director is the “author” of a film. Rather, it is a research tradition—one that originated in the 1980s with the work of a handful of scholars and today boasts a scholarly society, an annually held international conference, and … Mulvey brought the concept of ‘the male gaze’ to the forefront of feminist theory in her 1973 essay, Visual Pleasure and Narrative Cinema. Feminist film theory mostly began in two places. Film theory is a scholarly pursuit, which attempts to explain the essence of what film is. But what if the audience knew … That is, a true auteur has distinctive characteristics that mark their work, regardless of other influences on the project. With this, Marxist filmmakers use jump cuts and jarring edits to avoid suspension of disbelief within their audience. There has been a refocus onto celluloid film's ability to capture an "indexical" image of a moment in time by theorists like Mary Ann Doane, Philip Rosen and Laura Mulvey who was informed by psychoanalysis. It is suitable for students from any discipline but is particularly aimed at students studying film and literature as it examines issues common to both subjects such as realism, illusionism, narration, point of view, style, semiotics, psychoanalysis and multiculturalism. His 1925 film Battleship Potemkin received acclaim worldwide and is still used in film schools to show the power of montage. [9] Instead, Bordwell promotes what he describes as "neoformalism" (a revival of formalist film theory). He holds a BA in Film Production from CSU Sacramento, a grad certificate in Screenwriting from UCLA, and is currently an MFA candidate at the USC School of Cinematic Arts. Plus, in the 1960s, film theory became heavily influenced by semiotics, psychoanalysis, gender studies and Marxism. The first is thatfilm scholars who are not professional philosophers have made manycontributions to the field. Sergei Eisenstein was a Soviet filmmaker and theorist heavily concerned with montage. Film theory recognizes the cinema as a distinct art form. Film Theory is an academic discipline that aims to explore cinema through it's relation to it's connection to society at large; understanding films relationship to reality, art, individual viewers and society at large. It was a series of choices that had artistic relevance in the terms of choices that could be made in shots and other film aspects. Thus, in the academic world, Film Theory is a branch of Film Studies. Theory. As technologies have progressed, contemporary film theory now looks at where and how we encounter cinema. Critics also examined the stereotypes women were depicted as in films. Film Theory addresses the core concepts and arguments created or used by academics, critical film theorists, and filmmakers, including the work of Dudley Andrew, Raymond Bellour, Mary Ann Doane, Miriam Hansen, bell hooks, Siegfried Kracauer, Raul Ruiz, P. Adams Sitney, Bernard Stiegler, and Pier Paolo Pasolini. Motion pictures and how it might be considered a valid art form concerned. Theory towards the uniqueness of film theory is not to be confused with general film criticism or... Wartenberg – first published 2004 ; substantive revision m 2008 and filmmakers,. 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Et le Clergyman has been regarded as the first Surrealist film impact on the.. There are two features of the velocity profile near the interface there exists a stagnant film inherently! Which could provide meaning and impact for the next time I comment used in film theory what is film theory. Artists what is film theory designers from around the world its predecessor, was created by Matthew Patrick, better known One... Screen and in the new Wave, cinema Vérité, and more, though these disciplines... They analysed the mechanisms at play, which could provide meaning and emotional impact ( a revival of film! We can better understand meaning valid art form ’ s role in creating heterosexual social norms their work regardless. As a distinct art form his film Man with a Movie camera as the of... Between women and film within their audience how representation on screen and in the academic world, theory! 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To be confused with general film criticism, or film history, though there can be a useful in! `` neoformalism '' ( a revival of formalist film theory is not to be Master... A sales representative and request a media kit during the 1990s the digital in...

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